How professional microdermabrasion treatments work
A professional dermatologist uses special tools for a microdermabrasion session. This tool is like a miniature vacuum which shoots tiny crystals at the skin and then sucks up the dead skin cells.
The crystals tend to be either aluminum oxide, sodium chloride or sodium bicarbonate.
The vacuum tool serves several purposes:
- It shoots a stream of crystals at the targeted skin patch
- It pulls and raises the section of skin being targeted
- It collects the used crystals and dead skin cells
- It creates mild swelling and brings some of the impurities to the surface of the skin
The technician steadily moves the tool over the skin, applying an even and steady pressure to remove the top layer without affecting the lower skin layers.
A standard session usually consists of 1 to 3 passes over the target area with the tool.
The patient is asked to apply lotions and creams to the affected area between each session. This rehydrates the skin and assists in promoting healthier new skin.
Some tools fire the stream of crystals and collects them, together with the dead skin cells in a single circuit — as shown on the diagram.
More powerful versions use two circuits, one to shoot the crystals out, and another to collect them.
There are also newer tools that use a single, diamond tiped wand on the skin instead of a stream of particles.
Professional session costs
Microdermabrasion is not cheap — it can cost between $100 to $200 (£75 – £150) per session. Dermatologist recommend several sessions for maximum effectiveness.
Microdermabrasion home treatments
There are a 2 main methods of performing microdermabrasion at home:
- using creams and scrubs — such as the Microdermabrasion Hypertrophic Scar Cream
- with a personal microdermabrasion tool — such as the highly regarded PMD Personal Microderm Microdermabrasion
Cream and scrubs
These contain the same crystals you’d find in professional treatment.
You use your hands to rub the products into your face pushing the crystals against your skin so that they grab and remove the dead cells of the stratum corneum. Some of these creams also contain nutrients and moisturizers — you remove the dead skin and effectively hydrate the new skin in the same step.
Personal microdermabrasion tools
There are a wide selection of personal tools available which vary in type and quality. Some are suction based tools very similar to the professional ones — such as the highly regarded PMD Personal Microderm Microdermabrasion.
Others use a vibrating head to scub away the top layer of skin — such as the less expensive Rio Microderma Compact Microdermabrasion System.
The model use select depends on your budget.
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